Climate is how hot or cold it
is in a certain place over a long period of time. It differs from weather in
that weather is a measure of how hot or cold it is over a short period of time.
Climate is affected by several
- How far a place is from the equator. The nearer a location is to the equator,
the hotter it will tend to be and vice versa.
Altitude - How high a place
is above sea level. Places high above sea level are cooler than those near
- Ocean waters don't change temperature as quickly as land areas do. Thus
land near oceans is warmer in winter and cooler in summers.
Climates can vary not only in
temperature but in how much precipitation the place receives. Precipitation
is the amount of water in the form of rain, snow, sleet,etc. that falls from
the sky. An area with little precipitation has a dry or arid climate.
There are three basic
Tropical climate zone. This
is an area that falls between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn.
This area has hot climates all year long.
Temperate Climate Zone - These
areas are between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle and between the
Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle. The climate in these areas is
warm in the summer and cold in the winter.
Polar Climate Zone - These
areas are at either pole below the Antarctic Circle and above the Arctic Circle.
The winters are very cold and the summers cool to cold.