When you have finished this section, try the Climates Quiz #2.

Climate is how hot or cold it is in a certain place over a long period of time. It differs from weather in that weather is a measure of how hot or cold it is over a short period of time.

Climate is affected by several factors:

Climates can vary not only in temperature but in how much precipitation the place receives. Precipitation is the amount of water in the form of rain, snow, sleet,etc. that falls from the sky. An area with little precipitation has a dry or arid climate.

 

latitude lines image

There are three basic climate zones.

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