Click Here for the Climate Quiz.  If you need help, read the summary below.

Climate refers to the conditions in the atmosphere in a place over a long period of time.

The major factor sin determining the climate of an area:

Latitude is the distance north and south of the equator. Since the equator gets the most direct rays of the sun, the climates there are warm. The places further from the equator get less direct rays of the sun and thus their climate is cooler.

The areas above the Arctic Circle and below the Antarctic Circle have polar climates. This means that the climate is cold year round. The areas between the Arctic Circle and the Tropic of Cancer and the Antarctic Circle and the Tropic of Capricorn have temperate climates marked by warm summers and cold winters. The areas around the equator have warm climates the year round.

latitude lies on earth image

Weather Main Page