Mr. Z's Daily Internet Homework                                


Do You have your Z-Notes?   A Z-Note is an outline of the notes that you should be taking in class.   To help improve your note taking skills print out the Z-Notes, and fill them out while we review the AIM in class!             
                                    
 
 

Mr. Z's Unit #1: Review & Technology, Forces and Motion    (Download)

Mr. Z's Science Notes

 

 

 

 

Review & Technology

 

Glencoe: 1:1              What is Science?

 

  1. Science is a method …
  2. Science comes from what language. Explain.
  3. Science uses what two key processes?
  4. What are the three major categories of Science?
  5. Why do scientific explanations change?
  6. What is an organized set of investigation procedures called?
  7. What are the steps in this procedure?
  8. What are the two most common types of variables?
  9. What is the difference between a constant and a control?
  10. Why do scientists use models?
  11. A model represents an _____, ______, or ______ .
  12.  Compare a theory vs. a law.
  13. Technology is the _______ of science.
  14. Page 13: Self Check:  1-4

 

 

Glencoe: 1:2              What is SI?

 

  1. What happened in 1960?
  2. What is the standard unit for Length, mass, time, volume, temperature.
  3. What units of temperature do we use?
  4. What does Kilo, deci, centi, and milli stand for?
  5. Page 16:  Practice Problems 1 and 2
  6. Why is it important to use the proper unit?
  7. What does 1 ml equal?
  8. What is meant be derived unit?
  9. What is used to measure time?
  10. Page 21: Self Check 1,2,3,5

 

 

Glencoe: 1:3              What are Graphs?

 

  1. A graph is a ____ display?
  2. What are the three common types of graphs.
  3. What is a line graph?
  4. What cause the dependent variable to change?
  5. What does the X axis always contain?
  6. Page 26: Self Check 1-5

 

LAB:   Page 27:   You will be graded on Procedures 4, and Conclusion 1 and 2

 

CHAPTER REVIEW  page 32

 

 

 

Glencoe: 2:1              What is Science and Technology?

 

  1. What does the study of science lead to?
  2. What is a microorganism?
  3. How did science improve weather forecasting?
  4. Science is a _________ process.
  5. The __________ of scientific knowledge is referred to as ______ .
  6. List and describe the four types of technology.
  7. How is the technology needs different between developing and industrialized countries?
  8. What is bioengineering?
  9. The electric guitar revolutionized the music industry, but why was this innovation useless in Darfar?
  10. Page 45:  Section Review:  #1, 4, 5

  

 

Glencoe: 2:2              What forces shape Technology?

 

  1. What is consumer acceptance and personal values?
  2. List and describe the three forces that shape technology?
  3. Why do we have to be responsible with technology?  Explain the two examples from the text.
  4. What are some of the moral and ethical issues of technology?
  5. Page 50:  Section Review:  #1 -4

 

LAB page 51:  Procedure 2,3 and “Conclude and Apply” 1-3

 

 

Glencoe: 2:3              How is technology developed?

 

1.      Describe the difference between a scientist and an engineer?

2.      What are some constraints in the engineering process?

3.      What is performance testing?

4.      What is computer simulation?

5.      What is a prototype?

6.      What is a control system? Explain an example of one.

7.      What is intellectual property?

8.      Page 57:  Section Review:  #4-5

 

 CHAPTER REVIEW  page 63

 

 

 

 

Forces and Motion      Study Review

 

  

Glencoe: 3:1              How is motion described?

 

1.      Motion is a ______ in _______.

2.      ________ depends on a reference frame. What does that mean?

3.      What is meant by motion is relative.

4.      Contrast displacement and distance?

5.      The size of the direction of a displacement is called a _____ .

6.      How is speed measured in SI?

7.      What is the difference between average speed and instantaneous speed?

8.      Page 75:  Section Review:  #1 - 7

 

Internet Questions (#1-6 ONLY!)

 

Mr. Zim travels east (in a straight line) 500 meters in 1 hour.   He then travels 200 meters west in 1/2 hour.

  1. How long did Mr. Zim travel. (show work)

  2. How much distance did her travel. (show work)

  3. What was Mr. Zim's average speed. (show work)

  4. Which part of his trip had a higher average speed?  (show work)

  5. What was his total displacement? (show work)

  6. The difference between speed and velocity, is that velocity includes a  --------- component.

 

Follow-Up Work

  1. From the IQ above, graph the distance traveled.

  2. Graph his displacement traveled.

 

 

  

Glencoe: 3:2              What is acceleration?

 

1.      Acceleration occurs when the speed of an object _____ .

 

 

Internet Questions (#1-5 ONLY!)

  1. A Zim is traveling at 50m/s.  10 seconds later the Zim is then traveling at 70m/s. What is the acceleration?

  2. A Zim is traveling at 50m/s.  10 seconds later the Zim is then traveling at 40m/s. What is the acceleration?

  3. If acceleration is zero, can there still be a velocity.

  4. If acceleration is increasing, what is velocity doing.

  5. If acceleration is decreasing, what is velocity doing?  Would distance traveled still increase?

 

 

  

Glencoe: 3:3              What is motion and Forces?

 

1.      What is a force?

2.      What is the SI unit of force?

3.      Compare balanced forces to unbalanced forces.

4.      Define friction.

5.      Describe

·        Static friction

·        Rolling friction

·        Sliding friction

·        Air resistance

6.      Which force is greater?  Static or sliding friction. Or are they the same?

7.      How does terminal velocity aid the parachutist?

8.      Page 86:  Section Review:  #1, 3, 4, 5, 6

 

 

Internet Questions (#1-5 ONLY!)

1.      What is a force?

2.      What is the SI unit of force?

3.      Compare balanced forces to unbalanced forces.

4.      Define friction.

5.      Describe

·        Static friction

·        Rolling friction

·        Sliding friction

·        Air resistance

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER REVIEW  page 92 except 17, 24

 

 

 

 Glencoe: 4:1              What are the first two laws of motion?

 

1.      Who developed the three laws of Motion?

2.      What is the first law of Motion?

3.      What is inertia?

4.      In regards to the 1st law of motion, what did engineers develop safety belts in cars?

5.      What is the second law of motion?

6.      In F =ma  what do  the variable stand for?

7.      Page 103:  Section Review:  #2, 3, 4, 6, 7 

 

 

Glencoe: 4:2              What is Gravity?

 

1.      Anything that has mass is attracted by ______.

2.      What two variable determine gravity?

3.      Which of the above variables are directly proportional?  What are indirectly proportional?

4.      What is the difference between weight and mass?  Which is a measure of gravity?

5.      Explain horizontal and vertical motion, and then how they effect each other?

6.      What is the formula for W ?

7.      Page 111:  Section Review:  #1 -4

 

       Lab page 112 :  Procedure 2-7 and “Conclude and Apply” 1-3

 

 

Glencoe: 4:3            What is the 3rd Law of Motion?

 

1.      Describe the 3rd law of motion.

2.      What is the symbol for momentum?

3.      What is the formula for momentum?

4.      What is the law of conservation of momentum?

5.      Page 117:  Section Review:  #1-6

 

      Lab page 118 :  Procedures, Analyze, Conclude               

 

 

CHAPTER REVIEW:    page 122

 

 

Isaac Newton Tutorial and Activities (Click Here)

 

Newton's Laws PowerPoint    

 

Newton’s Law

 

 

 

  

Glencoe: 5:1              What is work?

 

1.      What is the formula for work?

2.       Work is measured in which unit?

3.       Force is measured in which unit?

4.       Distance is measured in which unit?

5.       When I lift my briefcase, am I doing work?

6.       When I carry it to school, am I doing work?

7.       What does work require in order to occur?

 

 

Glencoe: 5:2          What are Machines?     

 

  1. A machine is a device that ________ _______ ________ .
  2. Knives, scissors, and doorknob are ________ .
  3. Machines make work easier by ________ the force that can be ________ to the object.   What does that mean?
  4. Machines also make work easier by _______ the direction of the  ______ .
  5. Why do movers use a ramp.  Where is the distance greater? Is the amount of work the same?  Why?
  6. What is "efficiency"  of a machine?

 

 

Glencoe: 5:3           What are simple machines?    PowerPoint Presentation     Simple Machines Game

 

  1. Describe and list examples of a lever.
  2. Describe and list examples of a pulley.
  3. Describe and list examples of a wheel and axle.
  4. Describe and list examples of an inclined plane.
  5. Describe and list examples of a screw.
  6. Describe and list examples of a wedge.
  7. Describe and give examples of a complex machine.

 

CHAPTER REVIEW  Page 180:  except 14, 15, 16, 23, 26

 

 


 

Unit Review:  MOTION and FORCES      Study Review

 

 Key Idea 5:    Energy and matter interact through forces that result in changes in motion.

Introduction: Examples of objects in motion can be seen all around us. These motions result from an interaction of energy and matter. This interaction creates forces (pushes and pulls) that produce predictable patterns of change. Common forces would include gravity, magnetism, and electricity. Friction is a force that should always be considered in a discussion of motion. When the forces acting on an object are unbalanced, changes in that object’s motion occur. The changes could include a change in speed or a change in direction. When the forces are balanced, the motion of that object will remain unchanged. Understanding the laws that govern motion allows us to predict these changes in motion.

 

Performance Indicator 5.1: Describe different patterns of motion of objects.

 

Major Understandings:

 

5.1a The motion of an object is always judged with respect to some other object or

point. The idea of absolute motion or rest is misleading.

5.1b The motion of an object can be described by its position, direction of motion, and speed.

5.1c An object’s motion is the result of the combined effect of all forces acting on the

object. A moving object that is not subjected to a force will continue to move at a con-

stant speed in a straight line. An object at rest will remain at rest.

5.1d Force is directly related to an object’s mass and acceleration. The greater the force,

the greater the change in motion.

5.1e For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.

 

Performance Indicator 5.2: Observe, describe, and compare effects of forces (gravity, electric current, and magnetism) on the motion of objects.

 

Major Understandings:

 

5.2a Every object exerts gravitational force on every other object. Gravitational force

depends on how much mass the objects have and on how far apart they are. Gravity is

one of the forces acting on orbiting objects and projectiles.

5.2b Electric currents and magnets can exert a force on each other.

5.2c Machines transfer mechanical energy from one object to another.

5.2d Friction is a force that opposes motion.

5.2e A machine can be made more efficient by reducing friction. Some common ways of

reducing friction include lubricating or waxing surfaces.

5.2f Machines can change the direction or amount of force, or the distance or speed of

force required to do work.

5.2g Simple machines include a lever, a pulley, a wheel and axle, and an inclined plane.

A complex machine uses a combination of interacting simple machines, e.g., a bicycle.

 

 


 

Vocabulary:  Forces and Motion

 

5.1

d

28

acceleration

5.1

 e

28

action/reaction

5.1

d

 

force

5.1

c

28

forces on an object

5.1

C  a

28

frame of reference

5.1

b

 

direction of motion

5.1

d

28

mass

5.1

a

28

motion

5.1

 b

28

speed, velocity

5.1

b

28

Velocity

5.2

a

28

gravitational force

5.2

a

 

projectile

5.2

g

 

pulley

5.2

g

 

complex machine

5.2

e

28

efficiency

5.2

b

28

electromagnetism

5.2

g

 

lever

5.2

c

28

mechanical energy

5.2

g

28

simple machines

5.2

g

 

wheel and axle

5.2

f

28

work

5.2

d _

28

friction

5.2

g

 

inclined plane