Mr. Z's Daily Internet Homework

Do You have your Z-Notes?   A Z-Note is an outline of the notes that you should be taking in class.   To help improve your note taking skills print out the Z-Notes, and fill them out while we review the AIM in class!  Mr. Z's Unit #3:  Properties of Matter    Z-Notes

What are the basic properties of matter? (Lesson Review)

1.  Define volume

2.  Define matter.

3.  Define density.

4.  What is the difference between mass and weight

5.  What are the four basic properties of matter?

6.  Matter is anything that has  ____ and takes up ______.
7.  Characteristics used to describe an object are called  ________.
8.  What are the four basic properties of matter?
9.  Weight is a measure of what?
10.  The amount of matter per unit of volume is called _______ .
11.  Density is calculated as Mass/Volume. What is the density of a cubic block where each side is 2 cm and weighs 12 g?

Online Quiz:   Matter Quiz     More Matter Terms Quiz      Properties of Matter Quiz

What are the phases of matter?    (Lesson Review)

1.  Describe the movement of the molecules in a solid

2.  Describe the movement of the molecules in a liquid.

3.  Describe the movement of the molecules in a gas.

4.  What determines the volume of a gas?

5.  What determines the shape of a liquid?

6.  Does the volume of liquid change when its container changes?

How does matter change phase?   (Lesson Review)    Lesson Review

1. What phase change describes a change from of solid to a liquid?

2.  What phase change is the opposite of the question above?

3.  What phase change describe a change from a liquid to a gas?

4.  What phase change is the opposite of the question above?

5.  How would you describe the vibration (of the particles) of the 3 phases of matter?

6.  How would you describe the kinetic energy of the 3 phases of matter?

Online Quiz:    Phase of Matter #1 Quiz    Phase of Matter #2 Quiz     Gases Quiz     Liquids Quiz    Solids Quiz

What is the Phase Change Diagram? (Lesson Review)     Lesson Review

1.  Draw a phase change diagram

2.  Label the Axis

3.  Label the three states of matter.

4.  Label the melting point, freezing point, condensation & boiling points

5. For each of the following words  describe the changes in vibration  which cause freezing, melting, condensation, and evaporation.
6. How is evaporation similar to boiling?  How are they different?
7. Why does water disappear off of the street after it stops raining?
8. What phase change allows us to make ice-cream?
What are mixtures?     Lesson Review
1.  Define mixture.
2.  What are the properties of a mixture like?
3.  How are mixtures separated?  How does that differ from compound?
4.  How are ratios different in compounds as compared to mixtures?
5.  How could you separate a mixture of salt and water?  Iron and sand?
6.  When you mix a particular poisonous gas, with a flammable metal, a white crystalline solid is formed that is neither flammable nor poisonous.  Is it a mixture or a compound?  Explain.

What is a Solution?  Lesson Review

1. What is the solvent
2. What is the solute
3. What is the difference between soluble and insoluble
4. How does Acid Rain form?

What are the properties of solutions?  Lesson Review

1. What is a saturated solution?
2. Contrast dilute and concentrated solutions.
3. What effect do solutes have the Freezing Point and Boiling Points of the solvent?

PROPERTIES OF MATTER (and Solutions)

Key Idea 3:  Matter is made up of particles whose properties determine the observable characteristics of matter and its reactivity.

Objects in the universe are composed of matter. Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass. Matter is classified as a substance or a mixture of substances. Knowledge of the structure of matter is essential to students’ understanding of the living and physical environments. Matter is composed of elements which are made of small particles called atoms. All living and nonliving material is composed of these elements or combinations of these elements.

Performance Indicator 3.1:  Observe and describe properties of materials, such as density, conductivity, and solubility.

Major Understandings:

3.1a Substances have characteristic properties. Some of these properties include color,

odor, phase at room temperature, density, solubility, heat and electrical conductivity,

hardness, and boiling and freezing points.

3.1b Solubility can be affected by the nature of the solute and solvent, temperature, and

pressure. The rate of solution can be affected by the size of the particles, stirring,

temperature, and the amount of solute already dissolved.

3.1c The motion of particles helps to explain the phases (states) of matter as well as

changes from one phase to another. The phase in which matter exists depends on the

attractive forces among its particles.

3.1d Gases have neither a determined shape nor a definite volume. Gases assume the

shape and volume of a closed container.

3.1e A liquid has definite volume, but takes the shape of a container.

3.1f A solid has definite shape and volume. Particles resist a change in position.

3.1g Characteristic properties can be used to identify different materials, and separate a

mixture of substances into its components. For example, iron can be removed from a

mixture by means of a magnet. An insoluble substance can be separated from a soluble

substance by such processes as filtration, settling, and evaporation.

3.1h Density can be described as the amount of matter that is in a given amount of

space. If two objects have equal volume, but one has more mass, the one with more

mass is denser.

3.1i Buoyancy is determined by comparative densities.

VOCABULARY:

 3 l g 24 characteristics 3 l g 24 properties 3 l g settling 3.1 a boiling point 3.1 i 24 buoyancy 3.1 g 24 characteristic properties, insoluble 3.1 a 24 characteristics 3.1 filtration 3.1 a freezing point 3.1 d 24 gases 3.1 a heat 3.1 a heat conductivity 3.1 c 24 phases 3.1 rate of solution 3.1 a color 3.1 i comparative densities 3.1 conductivity 3.1 h 24 density. 3.1 b dissolved 3.1 a electrical conductivity 3.1 g 24 insoluble 3.1 e 24 liquid 3.1 f 24 solid 3.1 b 24 solubility 3.1 b solute 3.1 b solvent 3.1 c states of matter