Use the Earth Science Reference Tables to answer the following questions:
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Measure the width of this page to the nearest 0.1 cm.___________________
How much of a 400-gram sample of K40 is left after 2 half-lives?
During which phase change is the most energy gained?__________________
From the specific heat chart... which material heats and cools the
A material has a density of 4.5g/ml and a mass of 2.6grams, what is the
What is the percentage error if a student calculates the Earth's radius to be
What is the orbital eccentricity of a planet if the foci distance is 7.6 cm and
the major axis is 15.2 cm? ______________________________
8. On a topo map. Point A is 456 meters in elevation. Point B is 1256 meters. They are 12.2 km apart. What is the gradient?____________________________
Locate the approximate latitude and longitude of the following landscape regions
in New York State: (also
use page 3)
a. Tug Hill Plateau ________________lat._
b. Taconic Mountains ________________lat._
c. Triassic / Newark
Lowlands ________________lat._ ________________long.
10. Within what landscape is Manhattan Island located?___________________
Where are the youngest rocks in New York State?_____________
Where are the oldest rocks in New York State?_____________
Which region(s) of New York State would have little evidence of
Which city is located closest to 43˚N and 77˚38' W?_____________
How old are the oldest sedimentary rocks in New York State?_____________
16. How old are the oldest rocks that are found in New York State?_____________
Describe the motions of the Gulf Stream._______________________
18. In what direction does the California current flow?__________________
List the major plates of the world: __________________
List the major plate boundaries due to plate tectonics (draw an arrow diagram
showing the relative motion of the plates at each boundary).
Describe the relationship between the tectonics map and the locations of
If a stream's velocity increases from 20 cm/sec to 100 cm/sec, what sediments
can be carried?
A cementation/compaction of a particle .055 cm in diameter will most likely form
what type of rock?
Evaporites can be listed as minerals and rocks. How are they
Sandstone differs from limestone based on particle size. How is their point of
What minerals are found in
How does rhyolite differ from
Which minerals are not present in felsic type igneous rocks but are
present in mafic type igneous rocks?
How do felsic and mafic igneous rocks differ in density, color, and mineral
What process must a rock undergo in order to become
What process must a rock undergo in order to become
List all the terms associated with the formation of sedimentary
What are the two major divisions of sedimentary
How is a breccia different from a
How is rock gypsum
What is the composition of rock salt?__________________
How is chemical and fossil limestone
What are the main types of
What are the two major textures of metamorphic rocks?
rock ---------------> parent rock
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During which time period were trilobites
What is the approximate age of the Appalachian
Which span of geologic time is the
For how long did dinosaurs roam the
How long ago did dinosaurs become
Which is the most recent time period where North America and Africa are believed
to be separated?
Describe the motions of North America from the Ordovician to the
When was the Taconic Orogeny and how did it
When did the Atlantic Ocean started to open?____________________________________
50. What is the official fossil of NYS (see cover)?____________________________________
Which earth layer is the most dense ?____________________________________
What is the approximate pressure at the mantle-outer core
In which strata of the earth is the Earth' s temperature change the
Describe where the Moho is
How thick is the asthenosphere?___________________________________________________________
What does ultramafic
57. What is the composition and phase of the inner core?____________________________________
What is the scale on the y-axis (earthquake chart)?
What is the scale on the x-axis (earthquake chart)?
If P waves arrive 5 minutes and 20 seconds before S waves from an earthquake,
what is the distance of the observer from the epicenter?
If the epicenter is 2.2 x 103 km from the observer, how long did it
take the P-wave to travel to the station?
62. What is the most common element, by volume, in the earth's crust?___________________________________
Find the dew point if the wet bulb reading is 3˚ C and the dry bulb is
Find the air temp. (dry bulb) if the dew point is 15˚C and the wet bulb depression
65. What is the relative humidity if the air temperature is 10˚C and the dew point is 6˚C?__________________
Find the equivalent values of the following:
a) 64˚ F = __________ ˚C
b) 64˚ F = __________ ˚ K
c) 32˚ F = __________ ˚C
d) 71˚C = __________ ˚F
a. From what direction is the wind blowing on the station model?
b. What is the wind speed in knots on the station
What is the present weather symbol for
Draw and label each type of weather front, determine where the cold and
warm air masses are in relation to these frontal boundaries:
a) What happens to air pressure as atmospheric altitude increases?
b) convert: 30" Hg = ___________________ mb (pressure)
In the atmosphere, all of our weather is found below in the
Which form of energy has a wavelength of 10-4 meters in
At which zone in the atmosphere does the temperature go over
Describe the relationship of winds and wet and moist
75. Which latitudes are associated with high pressure?___________________, Low pressure _______________
Which planet has an orbit shaped most like a
What planet has the longest period of
planet is the most
a) What color star is the Sun?_________________, Sirius _________________,
b) What part of the H-R Diagram to you find the largest stars?
______________, smallest _____________.
80. What two variables are used to classify stars?__________________________________________________
What mineral is dark and cleaves into sheets?
What metallic mineral has a red
List two properties of olivine. 1. ___________________________ 2.
What are the chemical symbols for: Iron ________, Potassium ________,
Sodium ________, Sulfur ________
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Which three fossils might appear to have been related?